US Environmental Policy Act
The National Environmental Policy Act of 1971 (NEPA) requires federal agencies to assess the impacts of their actions on the environment – including historic resources – before taking a “major federal action.” Usually, an agency’s review of potential effects takes the form of environmental impact assessments or studies. Learn about other federal laws protecting historic resources.
Connecticut has an Environmental Protection Act that has the same “stop, look, and listen” provisions as NEPA, but applied to State projects. It goes farther than NEPA by allowing anyone to sue to prevent the “unreasonable destruction” of properties on the National Register of Historic Places.
Over the years, the Connecticut Trust has been involved in several NEPA-related negotiations.
Help us prevent threats to our historic resources.
Influence Federal Decisions
Projects Subject to NEPA Review
In 2017, the SHPO reviewed about 2,500 state- or federally-funded or permitted projects for environmental compliance, finding three-quarters of them to involve “no historic properties affected.”
Federal Agency Obligations
Note that this is different from transportation projects governed by Section 4(f), a federal statute that requires that adverse effects be minimized.